Developments regarding income and expenditure
Development of income and expenditure in the period 2008–2013
In recent years, the universities' income and expenditure have slightly increased in nominal terms. Operating results have slowly increased in recent years. The average operating result over this five-year period amounts to over 1% of total income. In the final year in this period, it amounted to 2.4%.
To prevent capital from being eroded by inflation, an operating result of around 2% is required. As this percentage has not been achieved every year in the recent period, the actual capital of the universities has declined.
This relates to all 18 publicly funded universities.